The immediate results of the Ottoman conquest were twofold.  On the one hand, Christian churches in Chandax were either destroyed or converted into mosques, Turkish bath houses, warehouses, barracks or even public conveniences.

On the other, the Church of Crete was accorded spiritual, administrative, judicial and financial privileges, though not without commensurate obligations on the part of the Orthodox population to pay taxes in accordance with the sultanate's fixed policy.

Freedom of religious worship was granted at least in theory, though in practice tolerance was not always shown.

A church being destroyed by a frenzied mob of Turks, 1896 (Illustrated London news)