The Muslim Population Contracts
The scale of Muslim emigration becomes immediately apparent upon comparison of census data. In 1881 there were 73 234 Muslims living on Crete, in a total population of 276 208. In 1900 the island population comprised 269 319 Christians, 33 496 Muslims, 728 Jews and 6 113 foreigners, most of whom were Europeans. Of those Muslims remaining, only a small proportion (less that 5 000 individuals) lived in rural areas, the majority having congregated in the towns. This decline continued at a slower rate over the ensuing years. There were 27 852 Muslims remaining on the island in 1911, by which time the Christian population had increased to 307 812.
1898  |  1899  |  1900  |  1902  |  1905  |  1906  |  1908  |  1909  |  1910  |  1911  |  1912  |  1913
Turkish officers at the Firka castle (Chania), in one of the last photographs taken before they abandoned Crete (Yiorgos I. Panayiotakis)
Part of the portal at the Ittar mansion, 1900 - 1905 (G. Gerola, Vikelaia Municipal Library, Heraklion)
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