Christians and Muslims

The ethnographic composition of the town's population underwent radical change during the period of autonomy. In the 1881 census Heraklion had 6 025 Christians and 13 286 Muslims, but by 1900 the picture had altered, and the Muslim majority was overturned for the first time in centuries - there were 9 744 Christians and 9 565 Muslims. Over the ensuing years the increase in the Christian component assumed ever greater proportions, with 11 837 Christians to 8 195 Muslims in 1907 and 15 887 Christians to 9 248 Muslims in 1911. In that year the change found further expression in politics, as Heraklion acquired its first Christian mayor, Stylianos Georgiou, who succeeded Mustafa Deliachmetaki.



1898  |  1899  |  1900  |  1902  |  1905  |  1906  |  1908  |  1909  |  1910  |  1911  |  1912  |  1913
A typical street scene in what is now Idis St., 1900 (R. Behaeddin, Vikelaia Municipal Library, Heraklion)
A commercial street in Heraklion (Borel-Boissonnas, Benaki Museum, Athens)
Easter being celebrated in Heraklion (R. Behaeddin, Vikelaia Municipal Library, Heraklion)
Townsfolk being entertained by a British military band in Eleftherias Square (Historical Museum of Crete, S.C.H.S, Heraklion)
1898
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1900
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1911
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